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Thematic Process T.3.4.Con

Concluding Session 3.4: SMART Implementation of IWRM

· Coordinator :
UNESCO Regional Science Bureau
· Co-Coordinator :
Global Water Partnership(GWP)

While devising Sustainable Development Agenda, the implementation of IWRM at river basin level can offer pathways to implement water solutions. It is based on generic principles, approaches and guidelines formulated at the International Conference on Water and the Environment, Dublin in 1992, aiming to promote changes in concepts and practices which are considered fundamental to improved the management of water resources. These principles were further reaffirmed in the outcome document of the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, (Paragraphs 119-124) which stated that IWRM does not need to seen as “a dogma “or “a de facto solution”. In fact one of the main advantages of IWRM principles is its flexibility and adaptability according to the circumstances. Maybe there is a need for updating these principles, but this has to be made in light with their interpretation and practical requirement during their implementation. The principles of IWRM have the merit to serve as a common tool to all policies related to the management of water resources worldwide. This in no way means that the application of these principles should be the same universally. It is important to take into account the specificities of the river basin, of the country and the region. For more efficiency IWRM have to be implemented with great local leadership and adaptability of all stakeholders.
Currently the IWRM concept is accepted internationally as the way forward for efficient, equitable and sustainable development and management of the worlds finite water resources and for dealing with water related disasters and conflicting demands. However, much remains to be done in terms of designing, financing and implementing an integrated approach to water resource management as stated in the 2002 Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
All the critics on the design and implementation of IWRM policies and programmes are rarely done on the lack of technical solutions, but basically to the poor institutional organisation and/or to the insufficient legislation, the enforcement of water laws and regulations. Institutional and legal frameworks are key elements of IWRM. However, in many developing countries, water institutions remain too weak or too young to adequately carry out IWRM and need therefore to be strengthened in the domains of policy, research and monitoring. International programs have to play a significant role for the establishment and/or strengthening of IWRM institutions, as a fundamental element for secured water future.

Keywords :
IWRM, Post-2015

Session Data

· Date :
April 17, 2015 (금)
· Time :
11:20-13:20
· Venue :
DEC_304
DAEGU - EXCO
3F Room 314
· Session Code :
T.3.4.Con
· Language :
English
Korean